Optical comparators are instruments that project a magnified image or profile of a part onto a screen for comparison to a standard overlay profiles or scales. These are non-contact devices that function by producing images that are magnified of the parts or the components and displays them on a glass screen that uses illumination sources, lenses and mirrors for the purpose of making 2-D measurements. Also, comparators are used to measure, gage, test, inspect or examine parts for compliance with specifications.
Optical comparators are available in two configurations, inverted and erect, defined by the type of image that they project. Inverted image optical comparators are the general standard and less advanced type. They have a relatively simple optical system, which produces an image that is inverted vertically (upside-down) and horizontally (left-to-right). Adjustment and inspection require a trained or experienced user (about two hours of practice time and manipulation). Erect models have a more advanced optical system that renders the image in its natural or “correct” orientation. The image appears in the same orientation as the part being measured or evaluated.
Also, comparators are similar to micrometers, except that they are not limited to simple dimensional readings. Optical comparators can be used to detect burrs, indentations, scratches and incomplete processing, in addition to length and width measurements. In addition, an Optical Comparator’s screen can be simultaneously viewed by more than one person and provide a medium for discussion, whereas micrometers provide no external viewpoints. The screens of optical comparators typically range between 10″-12″ diameters for small units to 36″-40″ for the larger units. Even larger screen sizes are available in specialized units. In addition, Comparators handheld devices are also available, which have smaller screens as would be expected.
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